Ensure the area is safe for yourself, others and the patient.


Check for a response; ask name; squeeze shoulders.

  • No response - Send for help
  • Response - make patient comfortable, check for injuries & monitor

Send for help

Call for an ambulance


Open mouth and check airway for an obstructions

  • If foreign matter is present place in recovery position
  • Clear airway with finger
  • Open airway by tilting head with a chin lift


Check for breathing. Look. Listen and feel

Normal breathing

  • Place in recovery position
  • Monitor breathing
  • Manage injuries
  • Treat for shock

Not normal breathing

  • Start CPR


Start CPR. 30 chest compressions then 2 breaths, continue until patient recovers or help arrives.

Author: Paul

Paul has had an interest in the outdoors since he was a young kid. Walking, tracking and exploring the wilderness around him, from disused overgrown railway lines to the vast wilderness of the UK national parks. Over the last few years Paul has honed his skills into specific areas of bushcraft and survival. He is an expert in map reading, shelter building and knots, traps and fishing.


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