Will grow into a very large tree if not coppiced. Often slender for a big tree, tapering towards the top. In woodland, it will develop a very tall, straight trunk.
Q. robur is ultimately a large tree; heavy limbed, spreading with twisted branches and broad crown which will become broader than tall.
When growing in the forest – tall dome on upward facing branches on top of long straight trunk.
A small to medium sized tree with a straight, clean trunk. A fairly open and uncluttered top with branches pointing cleanly upwards. Hardy.
A large tree (up to 25m) with a solid trunk. The spreading crown is often high. Branches take an upward direction but droop at the thinner ends.
Messy-looking, dense, twiggy, spiny, spreading. Generally looks like a big bush rather than a tree. Can form impenetrable thickets. Can be surrounded by suckers. Hard to see any central trunk.
Hedgerow shrub or small tree. Can be multi-stemmed or with single trunk.
A general upright character with densely packed, fine branches and a muscular trunk.
It can often be no more than a shrub with multiple stems but can grow into a taller tree with bushy crown.
Vigorous, fast-growing pioneer species. Young branches point upwards but eventually, their tips take on a weeping nature, putting the pendulous in pendula.
Upright, straight-trunked tree. Spire-shaped when young, potentially broadening with age.